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The Journal of Adhesive Dentistry
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J Adhes Dent 22 (2020), No. 3     29. May 2020
J Adhes Dent 22 (2020), No. 3  (29.05.2020)

Page 311-320, doi:10.3290/j.jad.a44554, PubMed:32435771


Effects of Double Application of Resin Cement Primers and Different Diamond Burs on Cement-Dentin Bond Strength
Saikaew, Pipop / Chowdhury, A.F.M. Almas / Matsumoto, Mariko / Carvalho, Ricardo M. / Sano, Hidehiko
Purpose: To evaluate the effects of double application of resin cement primers to dentin prepared with different diamond burs on the cement-dentin bond strengths.
Materials and Methods: Sixty flat dentin surfaces were prepared and divided into 12 groups (n = 5) according to three experimental factors: 1. resin cements: RelyX Ultimate (RU), Multilink Automix (ML), and Panavia V5 (PV); 2. resin cement primer application: single or double; 3. dentin surface preparation with regular or superfine diamond burs. Cement-dentin sticks (1 mm2) were prepared for and underwent microtensile bond strength testing (µTBS). Statistical analysis was performed using three-way ANOVA and Duncan's test (α = 0.05). Fractured surfaces and cement-dentin interfaces were observed using SEM. Additional teeth were used to observe the demineralization effect of resin cement primers with SEM and transmission electron microscopy (TEM).
Results: All tested factors demonstrated significant effects on µTBS (p < 0.001). The combination of PV with superfine-grit bur and double application yielded the highest bond strengths. Surfaces prepared with superfine-grit burs demonstrated higher µTBS than did the regular-grit group, but a significant effect was not observed for all groups. The double application of primer significantly increased the bond strength for most combinations, except for PV with superfine-grit bur-prepared dentin.
Conclusions: PV showed higher bond strengths than other resin cements. Double application of primer improved the bond strength of all cements to dentin. Bond strengths were higher when dentin was prepared with a superfine-grit bur.

Keywords: adhesion to dentin, adhesive cementation, microtensile bond strength, resin cements, smear layer, transmission electron microscopy