J Adhes Dent 22 (2020), No. 1 14. Feb. 2020
J Adhes Dent 22 (2020), No. 1 (14.02.2020)
Page 47-58, doi:10.3290/j.jad.a43997, PubMed:32030375
The Mechanical Performance of a Novel Self-Adhesive Restorative Material
Lohbauer, Ulrich / Belli, Renan
Purpose: The development of a novel material requires a comprehensive pre-clinical assessment of clinical longevity before any market release. This study aimed to investigate the mechanical performance of a novel self-adhesive restorative material (ASAR MP4).
Materials and Methods: Fracture strength (FS), flexural fatigue strength (FFS) and fracture toughness (KIc) were measured for the experimental material ASAR MP4 in self-cure (SC) and light-cure (LC) mode. ASAR MP4 was processed in capsules. Three direct resin composites (CeramX mono+, DentsplySirona; Heliomolar, IvoclarVivadent; Filtek Supreme XTE, 3M) and two glass-ionomer-cement (GIC) based materials (Equia Forte, GC; Fuji II LC, GC) were selected for comparison with ASAR MP4. FS specimens (n = 15) were tested in a 4-point bending configuration according to ISO 4049 and 9917. FFS specimens (n = 25) were additionally stressed for 104 loading cycles using the staircase approach. The single-edge-notch beam (SENB) configuration was selected for determining KIc according to ISO 13586. All specimens were stored for 14 days at 37°C. Data were analyzed using Weibull statistics (FS), ANOVA (FS, KIc), and the non-parametric Mann-Whitney U-test (FFS).
Results: The FS, FFS and KIc data of the ASAR MP4 material reveal a mechanical performance in the range of the successful permanent direct resin composites CeramX mono+ and Heliomolar. The results for ASAR MP4 in SC mode were superior to the LC mode. A fine-grained and pore-free microstructure was observed.
Conclusion: Within the limitations of this study we conclude that the novel self-adhesive restorative material ASAR MP4 exhibits mechanical performance close to that of the resin composites Heliomolar and CeramX mono+, both indicated for permanent use in the load-bearing posterior region. Processing the material in either self-cure or light-cure mode led to superior performance over glass-ionomer cements.
Keywords: flexural strength, cyclic fatigue, fracture toughness, self-adhesion, resin composite, glass-ionomer cement