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The Journal of Adhesive Dentistry



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J Adhes Dent 21 (2019), No. 3     7. June 2019
J Adhes Dent 21 (2019), No. 3  (07.06.2019)

Page 265-272, doi:10.3290/j.jad.a42520, PubMed:31093619

Masking and Penetration Ability of Various Sealants and ICON in Artificial Initial Caries Lesions In Vitro
Theodory, Tamer G. / Kolker, Justine L. / Vargas, Marcos A. / Maia, Rodrigo R. / Dawson, Deborah V.
Purpose: The purpose of the present in vitro study and survey was to compare the masking ability and the penetration capacity of three resin composite sealers as well as a resin infiltrant in shallow artificial caries lesions.
Materials and Methods: Panels of artificial initial caries lesion with an average depth of 200 µm were created on buccal and lingual surfaces of 75 extracted human molars. Specimens were randomly assigned to 5 groups: ICON (DMG America), Biscover LV (Bisco), Optiguard (Kerr Hawe), Permaseal (Ultradent), and control (no treatment). Teeth were hemi-sectioned yielding two halves, each with a panel of artificial caries lesion. Lesions on one hemi-section were used to assess the esthetic improvement following caries lesion penetration with the 4 resins based on photographs evaluated using a 100-mm visual analogue scale (VAS) by 17 raters. Lesions on opposite hemi-sections were used to measure the resin penetration area percentage (PA%) and the resin penetration depth percentage (PD%) visualized using a confocal laser scanning microscope (CLSM, Leica).
Results: ICON, Optiguard, and Permaseal yielded significantly greater average VAS scores compared to Biscover. The mean PA% and PD% were significantly higher for ICON, intermediate for Optibond and Permaseal, and significantly lower for Biscover. A moderately large positive correlation was noticed between the average VAS scores and the penetration measures.
Conclusion: All the resin sealers (Biscover, Optiguard, and Permaseal) penetrated the artificial initial caries lesions. However, ICON resulted in the deepest penetration and the largest penetration area percentages. The masking ability of Optiguard and Permaseal of the artificial caries lesions was similar to ICON.

Keywords: initial caries lesion, resin infiltration, resin composite sealers