J Adhes Dent 20 (2018), No. 4 21. Sep. 2018
J Adhes Dent 20 (2018), No. 4 (21.09.2018)
Page 345-354, doi:10.3290/j.jad.a40991, PubMed:30206577
Treatment of an Adolescent Patient with Dentinogenesis Imperfecta Using Indirect Composite Restorations - A Case Report and Literature Review
Soliman, Sebastian / Meyer-Marcotty, Philipp / Hahn, Britta / Halbleib, Karl / Krastl, Gabriel
Purpose: To demonstrate the field of application and prospects of individually modeled indirect composite restorations for the treatment of children and adolescents based on a case of dentinogenesis imperfecta. Dental malformations can affect single or multiple teeth. In most cases, direct composite fillings can be placed. However, in severe cases, these restorations may be more challenging and error-prone, especially when occlusal adjustments are necessary. Since composite materials do not require a specific lamination strength and are easy to repair, they can be applied using the indirect technique, enabling conservation of more sound hard tissue than is possible when conventional restorations are used.
Patient and Methods: A young patient with dentinogenesis imperfecta type II underwent interdisciplinary full-mouth rehabilitation due to massive tooth wear and loss of vertical occlusion. First, a check bite was taken, and vertical occlusion was increased using overdentures. Six months later, a construction bite was taken over the existing overdentures (focusing on the sagittal dimension) to move the mandibular position more towards the anterior, correcting the skeletal Class II malocclusion. This resulted in a Class I intercuspidation with harmonization of the facial proportions. After a further six months, all teeth were restored using individually modeled indirect composite restorations, which preserved most of the sound hard tissue and restored esthetics and function.
Conclusion: Indirect composite restorations can be a valuable tool for improving occlusion, esthetics and function in the treatment of children and adolescents.
Keywords: severe tooth wear, dental malformations, full-mouth rehabilitation, individual lamination technique, fiber reinforced composite restorations, overdenture, hereditary disorder