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The Journal of Adhesive Dentistry
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J Adhes Dent 20 (2018), No. 3     13. July 2018
J Adhes Dent 20 (2018), No. 3  (13.07.2018)

Page 223-231, doi:10.3290/j.jad.a40513, PubMed:29854991


Does Acid Challenge Affect the Properties and Bond Stability of Restorative Materials on Primary Teeth?
Tedesco, Tamara K. / Calvo, Ana F. B. / Yoshioka, Laysa / Fukushima, Karen A. / Cesar, Paulo F. / Raggio, Daniela P.
Purpose: To evaluate the effect of acidic challenge (AC) on the properties and bond stability of restorative materials to primary enamel and dentin.
Materials and Methods: One hundred twenty primary molars were assigned to 12 groups according to substrate (enamel or dentin), restorative material (composite, high-viscosity glass ionomer cement [HV-GIC] or resin-modified glass-ionomer cement [RM-GIC]), and immersion after restoration (control [saline solution/7 days] or AC [cola-based drink/5 min/3x per day/7 days]). Twenty-four hours after the restorative procedure, specimens were submitted to one of the proposed challenges. Half of the specimens were immediately subjected to the microshear bond strength test, and the other half after 12 months. To determine flexural strength flexural strength and superficial roughness (SR), 30 specimens were built up. After 24 h, the first measurement of SR from 10 specimens was performed. Specimens were then immersed in one of proposed challenges and SR was measured again. Subsequently, flexural strength testing was performed. Bond strength, surface roughness, and flexural strength data were subjected to ANOVA and Tukey's test.
Results: Composite showed the highest bond strengths compared to the others materials on both substrates. The storage period negatively influenced the bond strength only for composite groups in dentin. AC after restoration negatively influenced bond strength when the materials were evaluated in eroded dentin. AC affected the second SR measurement, showing increased SR for all restorative materials. AC did not affect flexural strength.
Conclusion: The acidic challenge jeopardizes the surface roughness and bond strength of restorations to eroded dentin.

Keywords: pediatric dentistry, dental erosion, bond strength, flexural strength, surface roughness