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The Journal of Adhesive Dentistry
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J Adhes Dent 20 (2018), No. 1     16. Mar. 2018
J Adhes Dent 20 (2018), No. 1  (16.03.2018)

Page 33-39, doi:10.3290/j.jad.a39962, PubMed:29507918


Ultrastructural Analysis and Long-term Evaluation of Composite-Zirconia Bond Strength
Aboushelib, Moustafa N. / Ragab, Hala / Arnaot, Mohamed
Purpose: To evaluate the influence of different aging techniques on zirconia-composite microtensile bond strength using different surface treatments over a 5-year follow-up period.
Materials and Methods: Zirconia disks received three surface treatments: airborne-particle abrasion with 50-μm aluminum oxide particles, selective infiltration etching (SIE), or fusion sputtering (FS). The specimens were bonded to pre-aged composite disks using a composite cement containing phosphate monomers (Panavia F2.0). Bonded specimens were sectioned into microbars (1 x 1 x 6 mm) using a precision cutting machine, and all microbars received thermocycling (15,000 cycles between 5°C and 55°C). Initial microtensile bond strength was evaluated, and the test was repeated after storage in the following media for five years (artificial saliva, 20% ethanol, 5% NaOH, 4% acetic acid, and 5% phosphoric acid). The test was repeated every 12 months for 5 years. Scanning electron microscopic images were used to analyze the zirconia-composite interface. A repeated measures ANOVA and Bonferroni post-hoc tests were used to analyze the data (n = 20, α = 0.05).
Results: Significantly higher microtensile bond strength was observed for SIE compared to fusion sputtering and airborne particle abrasion. Five years of artificial aging resulted in significant reduction of zirconia-composite bond strength for all tested specimens. Zirconia-composite bond strength was more sensitive to storage in sodium hydroxide and phosphoric acid, while it was least affected when stored under saliva. These changes were related to the mechanism of ultra-structural interaction between surface treatment and adhesive, as deterioration of the hybrid layer (composite-infiltrated ceramic) was responsible for bond degeneration.
Conclusion: Zirconia-composite bond strength was influenced by 5 years of artificial aging.

Keywords: yttria-stabilized zirconia ceramic, microtensile bond strength, surface treatment, resin cements, durability, aging, storage media