The Journal of Adhesive Dentistry



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J Adhes Dent 20 (2018), No. 1     16. Mar. 2018
J Adhes Dent 20 (2018), No. 1  (16.03.2018)

Page 65-77, doi:10.3290/j.jad.a39913, PubMed:29507919

Influence of Application Time and Etching Mode of Universal Adhesives on Enamel Adhesion
Sai, Keiichi / Takamizawa, Toshiki / Imai, Arisa / Tsujimoto, Akimasa / Ishii, Ryo / Barkmeier, Wayne W. / Latta, Mark A. / Miyazaki, Masashi
Purpose: To investigate the influence of application time and etching mode of universal adhesives on enamel adhesion.
Materials and Methods: Five universal adhesives, Adhese Universal, Bondmer Lightless, Clearfil Universal Bond Quick, G-Premio Bond, and Scotchbond Universal, were used. Bovine incisors were prepared and divided into four groups of ten teeth each. SBS, Ra, and SFE were determined after the following procedures: 1. self-etch mode with immediate air blowing after application (IA); 2. self-etch mode with prolonged application time (PA); 3. etch-and-rinse mode with IA; 4. etch-and-rinse mode with PA. After 24-h water storage, the bonded assemblies were subjected to shear bond strength (SBS) tests. For surface roughness (Ra) and surface free energy (SFE) measurements, the adhesives were simply applied to the enamel and rinsed with acetone and water before the measurements were carried out.
Results: Significantly higher SBS and Ra values were obtained with etch-and-rinse mode than with self-etch mode regardless of the application time or type of adhesive. Although most adhesives showed decreased SFE values with increased application time in self-etch mode, SFE values in etch-and-rinse mode were dependent on the adhesive type and application time.
Conclusions: Etching mode, application time, and type of adhesive significantly influenced the SBS, Ra, and SFE values.

Keywords: universal adhesive, etching mode, application time, enamel bond efficacy
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