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The Journal of Adhesive Dentistry
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J Adhes Dent 19 (2017), No. 6     12. Jan. 2018
J Adhes Dent 19 (2017), No. 6  (12.01.2018)

Page 507-515, doi:10.3290/j.jad.a39595, PubMed:29255812


Effect of Veneering Techniques on Shear and Microtensile Bond Strengths of Zirconia-Based All-Ceramic Systems
Yilmaz Savas, Tuba / Aykent, Filiz
Purpose: To evaluate shear (SBS) and microtensile (µTBS) bond strengths of zirconia cores veneered using different fabrication techniques.
Materials and Methods: Seventy-five IPS e.max ZirCAD plates were fabricated and divided into three groups according to the following veneering techniques: layering, pressing, and CAD-on. The specimens of the layering group were veneered with IPS e.max Ceram, and the specimens of the pressing group were veneered with IPS e.max ZirPress. Veneering ceramics in the CAD-on group were milled from IPS e.max CAD, fused with the core by using a glass-fusion ceramic, and then crystallized. Bond strength tests were performed using a universal testing machine at a crosshead speed of 0.5 mm/min for the SBS test and 1 mm/min for the µTBS test. Mean SBS and µTBS (MPa) were analyzed with one-way ANOVA and Tukey's HSD test (p < 0.05).
Results: Significant differences in SBS were observed between the groups (p < 0.05). The mean SBS for the CAD-on group was significantly higher (31.89 ± 5.83 MPa) than those of the layering (14.27 ± 4.45 MPa) and pressing (12.23 ± 3.04 MPa) groups. However, the mean µTBS of the CAD-on (30.41 ± 8.64 MPa), layering (21.71 ± 3.40 MPa) and pressing (20.74 ± 6.36 MPa) groups were not statistically significant (p > 0.05).
Conclusion: The CAD-on technique showed the highest shear bond strengths of the tested groups, and most of the specimens failed cohesively instead of failing at the adhesive interface.

Keywords: zirconia, veneering techniques, CAD-on, all-ceramics, bond strength