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The Journal of Adhesive Dentistry
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J Adhes Dent 19 (2017), No. 3     30. June 2017
J Adhes Dent 19 (2017), No. 3  (30.06.2017)

Page 203-212, doi:10.3290/j.jad.a38414, PubMed:28580465


Effect of MDP-containing Silane and Adhesive Used Alone or in Combination on the Long-term Bond Strength and Chemical Interaction with Lithium Disilicate Ceramics
Cardenas, Andres Millan / Siqueira, Fabiana / Hass, Viviane / Malaquias, Pâmela / Gutierrez, Mario Felipe / Reis, Alessandra / Perdigão, Jorge / Loguercio, Alessandro
Purpose: To evaluate the effect of a silane and an adhesive containing MDP, used alone or combined in the same solution, on the microshear bond strength (?SBS) to lithium disilicate ceramics immediately and after 1-year water storage, and compare the bond strength results with the Raman spectra of the treated lithium disilicate surfaces.
Materials and Methods: A total of 30 CAD/CAM blocks of lithium disilicate (LD; IPS e.max CAD) were cut into four square sections (6 x 6 x 6 mm; n = 60 per group) and processed as recommended by the manufacturer. The LD specimens were divided into 12 groups according to the following independent variables: silane coupling agent (no silane; silane without 10-MDP [MBS, Monobond S]; silane with 10-MDP [MB+, Monobond Plus]) and adhesive + luting composite (no adhesive + Enforce; no adhesive + RelyX Ultimate; Prime & Bond Elect [PBE], a silane- and MDP-free universal adhesive + Enforce; Scotchbond Universal Adhesive [SBU], a silane- and MDP-containing universal adhesive + RelyX Ultimate). After each treatment, cylindrical, transparent matrices were filled with a luting composite and light cured. Specimens were stored in water (37°C for 24 h or 1 year) and submitted to the microshear bond strength (?SBS) test. The failure pattern and ?SBS were statistically evaluated (? = 0.05). In addition, specimens were examined for chemical interaction using Raman spectroscopy.
Results: The use of the adhesive PBE alone showed higher mean ?SBS compared with both groups with silane (MSB or MB+) without PBE (p < 0.001) at 24 h. The use of the SBU adhesive or MBS silane alone, as well as MB+ associated with SBU, showed higher mean ?SBS (p < 0.001) at 24 h. After 1-year water storage, all groups showed a significant decrease in mean ?SBS. However, the application of PBE or SBU associated with MB+ silane showed higher 1-year mean ?SBS (p < 0.001). In terms of chemical interaction, when silane (MSB or MB+) was applied, only a slight decrease of Si-O peaks occurred. Otherwise, when PBE or SBU adhesives were applied, methacrylate peaks were only observed in the SBU groups.
Conclusion: The best results in terms of bond strength after water storage were obtained when an MDP-containing silane was associated with a universal adhesive. The use of a simplified bonding protocol that includes either a silane or a universal adhesive is not recommended.

Keywords: luting composite, resin cement, universal dentin adhesive, CAD/CAM lithium disilicate, bond strength