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The Journal of Adhesive Dentistry



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J Adhes Dent 18 (2016), No. 6     3. Jan. 2017
J Adhes Dent 18 (2016), No. 6  (03.01.2017)

Page 545-554, doi:10.3290/j.jad.a37358, PubMed:27933322

Silicone Disclosing Material used after Ceramic Surface Treatment Reduces Bond Strength
Fraga, Sara / Oliveira, Sara Cioccari / Pereira, Gabriel Kalil Rocha / Beekman, Pieter / Rippe, Marília Pivetta / Kleverlaan, Cornelis J.
Purpose: To evaluate the effect of a silicone disclosing procedure performed at different timepoints on the shear bond strength (SBS) of cements (self-adhesive composite cement, self-etch composite cement, resin-reinforced glass-ionomer cement) to different substrates (zirconia, lithium disilicate, bovine dentin).
Materials and Methods: The substrate/cement combinations were assigned to two groups (n = 15) according to the timepoint, at which the vinyl polyether silicone disclosing agent was applied: after (experimental groups, EXP) or before (control groups, CTRL) specific micromechanical treatments of the substrate surface. To increase standardization, the cements were applied into rubber rings (2.2 mm diameter x 1.0 mm thickness) positioned on the substrate surface. After luting procedures, all specimens were stored in 37°C distilled water for 24 h, then subjected to SBS testing using a wire loop of 0.2 mm diameter at a crosshead speed of 1 mm/min until failure. Failure analysis was performed for all tested specimens. SBS data were submitted to Weibull analysis.
Results: The silicone disclosing procedure performed after micromechanical surface treatment reduced the characteristic shear bond strength to zirconia and lithium disilicate when compared to CTRL. However, for dentin specimens, there was no significant difference between CTRL and EXP for any of the cements investigated. Failure analysis showed a predominance of interfacial failures.
Conclusion: The silicone disclosing procedure performed after the micromechanical treatment of ceramic surfaces negatively affected the cement bond strength. Therefore, after using it to check the fit of a prosthesis, clinicians should carefully clean the ceramic surface.

Keywords: dentin bond strength, luting, disclosing material, shear bond strength, Weibull analysis