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The Journal of Adhesive Dentistry



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J Adhes Dent 18 (2016), No. 5     27. Oct. 2016
J Adhes Dent 18 (2016), No. 5  (27.10.2016)

Page 435-440, doi:10.3290/j.jad.a36892, PubMed:27669635

Tribochemical Glass Ceramic Coating as a New Approach for Resin Adhesion to Zirconia
Wandscher, Vinícius Felipe / Fraga, Sara / Pozzobon, João Luiz / Soares, Fabio Zovico Maxnuck / Foletto, Edson Luiz / May, Liliana Gressler / Valandro, Luiz Felipe
Purpose: To investigate the effects of a novel tribochemical silica coating technique with powders made from feldspathic ceramic and leucite-based ceramic on the bond strength of zirconia to resin cement before and after aging.
Materials and Methods: Zirconia blocks were divided into 3 groups according to the material used for airborne-particle abrasion: 1) SP (control): silica-coated alumina particles; 2) FP: feldspathic ceramic powder; 3) LP: leucite glass-ceramic powder. After silanization, composite resin cylinders were cemented on the zirconia surface using a dual-curing resin cement. Prior to the shear bond strength (SBS) test, half of the samples (n = 15) were stored in distilled water for 24 h; the other half (n = 15) were submitted to aging (10,000 thermocycles of 5°C to 55°C; 150 days of water storage). The bond strength data were analyzed using two-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (α = 0.05). Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), and x-ray diffraction analysis were performed.
Results: The initial bond strengths did not differ significantly between the groups (p = 0.053). However, after aging procedures, airborne-particle abrasion with feldspathic ceramic powder (FP) resulted in higher values of bond strength (p = 0.0001). SEM and EDS indicated that all the treatments promoted silica deposition on the Y-TZP surface ceramic. Airborne-particle abrasion with FP and LP induced a lower percentage of the monoclinic phase.
Conclusion: Airborne abrasion with fine feldspathic ceramic particles is a novel tribochemical technique and appears to be suitable for improving the bond strength between zirconia and resin cements.

Keywords: tribochemical silica coating, zirconia surface treatment, silica deposition, glass ceramic, topography alteration