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The Journal of Adhesive Dentistry



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J Adhes Dent 18 (2016), No. 3     23. June 2016
J Adhes Dent 18 (2016), No. 3  (23.06.2016)

Page 257-265, doi:10.3290/j.jad.a36222, PubMed:27341385

Chemical Adhesion of Polyalkenoate-based Adhesives to Hydroxyapatite
Sezinando, Ana / Serrano, María Linares / Pérez, Victoria Morales / Muñoz, Rafael A. García / Ceballos, Laura / Perdigão, Jorge
Purpose: To evaluate the chemical interaction between synthetic hydroxyapatite (HAp) and polyalkenoic acid copolymer- based (also known as Vitrebond copolymer [VCP]) adhesives.
Materials and Methods: Six dentin adhesive formulations were used: 1) Adper Single Bond Plus (SB); 2) SB formulation without VCP (SBnoVCP); 3) Adper Easy Bond (EB); 4) EB formulation without VCP (EBnoVCP); 5) Scotchbond Universal adhesive (SBU); 6) SBU formulation without VCP (SBUnoVCP). Each adhesive was mixed with HAp, polymerized, and analyzed using FTIR and 13C/31P NMR spectroscopy.
Results: The FTIR spectra of SB+HAp indicated that the carbonyl group changed absorption wavenumber compared to that of SBnoVCP+HAp. 13C NMR analysis showed that the presence of methacrylated phosphoric esters in the EB and SBU formulations led to similar carbonyl resonance with or without VCP. 31P NMR revealed a resonance shift at 0.5 ppm for SB+HAp, EB+HAp and SBU+HAp spectra. In comparison with EB+HAp and SBU+HAp, a slight fade-out of the same resonance shift for EBnoVCP+HAp and SBUnoVCP+HAp was observed without completely disappearing, respectively, meaning that VCP might induce a modification of phosphorus moieties in addition to the ionic interaction between phosphate ester groups and HAp.
Conclusion: Our data suggests that a chemical interaction occurred between VCP-containing adhesives and synthetic HAp.

Keywords: dentin-bonding agents, glass-ionomer cements, hydroxyapatites, spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared