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The Journal of Adhesive Dentistry



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J Adhes Dent 17 (2015), No. 3     13. Aug. 2015
J Adhes Dent 17 (2015), No. 3  (13.08.2015)

Page 257-263, doi:10.3290/j.jad.a34398, PubMed:26114162

Effect of Diamond Bur Grit Size on Composite Repair
Valente, Lisia L. / Silva, Manuela F. / Fonseca, Andrea S. / Münchow, Eliseu A. / Isolan, Cristina P. / Moraes, Rafael R.
Purpose: This study investigated the effect of diamond bur grit size on the repair bond strength of fresh and aged resin composites.
Materials and Methods: Blocks of microhybrid composite (Opallis, FGM) were stored in distilled water at 37°C for 24 h (fresh composite) or subjected to 5000 thermal cycles (aged composite). The surfaces were roughened using diamond-coated, flame-shaped carbide burs with medium grit (#3168), fine grit (#3168F), or extra-fine grit (#3168FF). The control group underwent no surface treatment. Surface roughness, water contact angle, and surface topography by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) were evaluated (n = 3). Samples were restored with resin composite and sectioned into beam-shaped specimens, which were subjected to microtensile bond testing. Failure modes were classified using a stereomicroscope. Data were statistically analyzed using the Student- Newman-Keuls test and two-way ANOVA, with significance set at p < 0.05.
Results: Higher surface roughness was observed for groups treated with the medium- and fine-grit burs; aged composites were rougher than fresh composites. The water contact angle formed on the aged composite was lower than that on the fresh composite. The highest repair bond strength was observed for the fine-grit bur group, and the lowest was recorded for control. Interfacial failures were more predominant. SEM images showed that the surfaces treated with fine- and extra-fine-grit burs had a more irregular topography.
Conclusion: Surface roughening of fresh or aged resin composites with diamond burs improved retention of the repair material. Fine-grit burs generally performed better than medium- and extra-fine-grit burs.

Keywords: bonding, resin-based restoratives, SEM, surface roughness, surface treatments, wettability