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The Journal of Adhesive Dentistry



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J Adhes Dent 16 (2014), No. 6     6. Jan. 2015
J Adhes Dent 16 (2014), No. 6  (06.01.2015)

Page 507-516, doi:10.3290/j.jad.a33250, PubMed:25516887

Effect of Chemomechanical Caries Removal on Bonding of Self-etching Adhesives to Caries-affected Dentin
Hamama, Hamdi Hosni Hamdan / Yiu, Cynthia Kar Yung / Burrow, Michael Frances
Purpose: To evaluate the effect of enzyme-based (Papacárie) and sodium-hypochlorite-based (Carisolv) chemomechanical caries removal methods on bonding of self-etching adhesives to caries-affected dentin, in comparison to the standard rotary-instrument caries removal method.
Materials and Methods: Seventy-eight carious permanent molars exhibiting frank cavitation into dentin were used. Forty-eight teeth were randomly divided into three groups, according to the caries excavation methods: (i) Papacárie, (ii) Carisolv and (iii) a round steel bur. After caries removal, each group was subdivided into two groups for two-step (Clearfil SE Bond) or one-step (Clearfil S3 Bond) self-etching adhesive application and resin composite buildups. Bonded specimens were sectioned into beams for microtensile bond strength testing. Bond strength data were analyzed using three-way ANOVA and Tukey's test. For interfacial nanoleakage evaluation using a field-emission scanning electron microscope, caries was similarly removed from the remaining thirty carious molars, bonding was performed as for bond strength testing, and the teeth were sectioned.
Results: Results of three-way ANOVA revealed that bond strength was significantly affected by "adhesive" (p < 0.001) and "dentin" (p < 0.001), but not "caries excavation methods" (p > 0.05). The bond strength of the two-step self-etching adhesive was significantly higher than that of the one-step self-etching adhesive (p < 0.001). Conversely, the bond strength of self-etching adhesives to sound dentin was significantly higher than to residual caries-affected dentin (p < 0.001). Greater silver penetration was observed in the bonded interfaces of residual caries-affected dentin and in interfaces bonded with the one-step self-etching adhesive vs those bonded with the two-step self-etching adhesive.
Conclusion: Chemomechanical caries removal did not affect the bonding of self-etching adhesives to cariesaffected dentin as compared to caries excavation with rotary instruments.

Keywords: chemomechanical caries removal, Carisolv, MDP, Papacárie, self-etching adhesives, caries-affected dentin