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The Journal of Adhesive Dentistry
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J Adhes Dent 16 (2014), No. 4     29. Aug. 2014
J Adhes Dent 16 (2014), No. 4  (29.08.2014)

Page 365-376, doi:10.3290/j.jad.a32069, PubMed:24892119


Mechanical Properties and Bonding Potential of Partially Stabilized Zirconia Treated with Different Chemomechanical Treatments
El-Korashy, Dalia I. / El-Refai, Dina A.
Purpose: To evaluate the effect of different chemomechanical surface treatments of zirconia on fracture toughness, flexural strength, bond strength of zirconia to composite cement, surface topography, and phase transformation.
Materials and Methods: Pre-sintered yttrium-stabilized zirconium oxide blocks (in Coris ZI) were used. Specimens were prepared using a milling machine (Cerec InLab). Specimens for each testing procedure were classified into 6 groups according to the surface treatment applied: group 1: air-borne particle abrasion (ABA); group 2: silica coating; group 3: hot etching solution; group 4: hot etching solution followed by ABA; group V: hot etching solution followed by silica coating; group 6: control. Fracture toughness, biaxial flexural strength, and shear bond strength were tested using a universal testing machine. Surface topography was evaluated using a surface roughness tester and scanning electron microscope. Phase transformation was examined using x-ray diffraction analysis. Data were subjected to one-way ANOVA followed by Tukey's HSD multiple comparisons test at p < 0.05. The strength reliability was analyzed using the Weibull distribution.
Results: Silica coating revealed the highest mean fracture toughness (9.18 ± 0.11 MPa•m1/2), biaxial flexural strength (1614.1 ± 124.6 MPa), and bond strength value (31.5 ± 5.06 MPa) among all tested groups. Surface topography evaluation revealed variations among the different surface-treated groups.
Conclusions: Silica coating induced significant improvement in the tested properties compared to other treatments. The use of combined treatment of hot etching solution followed by either air-borne particle abrasion or silica coating of the zirconia surface did not provide an added advantage over silica coating alone.

Keywords: zirconia, silica coating, air-borne particle abrasion, hot etching solution, mechanical properties, bond strength