The Journal of Adhesive Dentistry
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J Adhes Dent 19 (2017), No. 4     19. Sep. 2017
J Adhes Dent 19 (2017), No. 4  (19.09.2017)

Page 331-338, doi:10.3290/j.jad.a38894, PubMed:28849801


Bonding Behaviour of Polyetherketoneketone to Methylmethacrylate- and Dimethacrylate-based Polymers
Stawarczyk, Bogna / Silla, Marek / Roos, Malgorzata / Eichberger, Marlis / Lümkemann, Nina
Purpose: To investigate the impact of pretreatment and conditioning on bonding behavior of polyetherketoneketone (PEKK) to methylmethacrylate(MMA)- and dimethacrylate(DMA)-based polymers.
Materials and Methods: 1200 PEKK substrates (Pekkton ivory) were fabricated, air abraded (110 µm, Al2O3) and divided into 8 pretreatment groups as follows: 1. Visio.link (VL); 2. VL+ opaquer; 3. Pekk Bond (PB); 4. PB + opaquer; 5. plasma; 6. plasma + opaquer; 7. plasma + VL+ opaquer; 8. plasma + PB + opaquer. A low-density cold oxygen plasma was used to treat specimens in groups 5-8. All pretreated PEKK substrates were bonded with either MMA-based polymers (denture acrylic: "Anaxdent acryline") or DMA-based polymers (veneering composites: flowable "Anaxdent dentin flow" or packable "Anaxdent dentin paste"). On denture acrylic, the anaxgum opaquer paste was applied, and on veneering composites, the anaxblend opaquer paste. All specimens were stored in water for 24 h at 37°C, and 20 specimens of each subgroup were additionally thermocycled (5°C/55°C, 10,000x). Tensile bond strength (TBS) was measured and analyzed with the general linear model analysis, Kaplan-Meier survival estimates, and Breslow-Gehan tests.
Results: The combination of plasma and VL showed the highest TBS results, followed by VL and the combination of plasma and PB. The lowest TBS was observed among PEKK specimens treated with plasma and without pretreatment, followed by specimens conditioned with PB. The application of an opaquer layer increased the TBS. Bonding to PEKK with MMA-based polymers showed higher TBS results than with DMA-based polymers. Among DMA-based polymers, the flowable polymer bonded significantly better to PEKK compared to paste polymer. After thermocycling, the TBS decreased.
Conclusion: Sufficient bonding to PEKK is possible when plasma treatment is used in combination with the tested adhesives and an opaquer layer.

Keywords: PEKK, bonding, tensile bond strength, air abrasion, plasma treatment, opaquer
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