The Journal of Adhesive Dentistry



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J Adhes Dent 13 (2011), No. 2     15. Apr. 2011
J Adhes Dent 13 (2011), No. 2  (15.04.2011)

Page 171-178, doi:10.3290/j.jad.a19006, PubMed:21594230

The Impact of Fissure Depth and Enamel Conditioning Protocols on Glass-ionomer and Resin-based Fissure Sealant Penetration
Markovic, Dejan / Petrovic, Bojan / Peric, Tamara / Miletic, Ivana / Andjelkovic, Slobodan
Purpose: To evaluate the effect that fissure depth and enamel conditioning protocols have on penetration abilities of resin-based and glass-ionomer fissure sealants.
Materials and Methods: Fifty extracted human molars were randomized into 10 experimental groups. Conditioning was performed as follows: groups I and VI, no pretreatment; groups II and VII, 10% polyacrylic acid and 37% phosphoric acid, respectively; groups III and VIII, self-etching adhesive; groups IV and IX, Er:YAG laser; groups V and X, Er:YAG laser/10% polyacrylic acid and laser/37% phosphoric acid, respectively. In groups I to V, teeth were sealed with a glass-ionomer material, and in groups VI to X a resin-based sealant was used. The sealed teeth were sectioned and the penetration ability was evaluated using scanning electron microscopy (SEM).
Results: Pretreatment with a suitable acid resulted in superior penetration of glass-ionomer and resin-based sealant when compared with other conditioning protocols (p < 0.0001), except for the teeth treated with both Er:YAG laser and acid. Both conditioning protocol and fissure depth significantly affected the sealant penetration (p < 0.0001), but fissure depth had a greater impact on fissure penetration than did conditioning protocol.
Conclusion: Resin-based and glass-ionomer sealing materials show similar potential for pit-and-fissure penetration. Penetration of a fissure sealant is largely influenced by the fissure depth. Regarding the conditioning protocol, a pretreatment with a suitable acid is essential to obtain an adequate penetration of a sealing material.

Keywords: fissure sealant, unground enamel, conventional adhesive system, self-etching adhesive system, fissure morphology, glass ionomer, resin composites
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